José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero is a Spanish politician and member of the Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party. In 1979, Zapatero was elected to the national parliament, becoming its youngest member. Two years later he was made general secretary of the PSOE’s León provincial federation. In July 2000, he defeated three other candidates to become the party’s general secretary. He was elected for two terms as Prime Minister of Spain, in the 2004 and 2008 general election.